In view of the increase in migratory flows in the world, in the year 2000 the UN general assembly proclaimed December 18 as International Migrants’ Day, with the aim of promoting the exchange of experiences and opportunities for collaboration among countries and regions in the face of the difficulties of international migration.
The purpose of this event is to highlight the challenges, difficulties and adversities faced by migrants around the world, as well as to call on the nations of the world to contribute to making migration a safe, regular and dignified process.
Origin of Migrants’ Day
One of the main antecedents in the creation of this event lies in the adoption of the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families by the General Assembly of the United Nations in 1990.
Human migration refers to the processes of voluntary or forced migration of people from their country of origin or residence, on a permanent or temporary basis.
Paradoxically, the restrictive migration policies imposed by countries, together with the manifestations of xenophobia, have limited such processes, contributing to the increase of the social phenomenon of «illegal persons» or «undocumented» ones.